Climate change presents a critical challenge to humanity’s future and survival, disrupting established legal concepts due to its global nature, invisibility, limited predictability and the inability to fully repair its impacts. Scientific analysis has shed light on the causes and evolution of climate change, offering the potential for mitigation and adaptation strategies. However, the implementation of these strategies faces significant political, economic, ethical, and legal hurdles. This overview briefly outlines these challenges in three key categories: policy, economy, and ethics. This analysis sets the stage for a more in-depth exploration of these complex issues and the legal responses they require.